Hazrat Umar Farooq e Aazam

Victory of Muslims by the call of Sayyiduna ‘Umar

On page 74 of the book ‘Karamat Sahabah’ [the 346-page publication of Maktaba-tul-Madinah, the publishing department of Dawat-e-Islami], Shaykh-ul-Hadees, ‘Allamah Maulana ‘Abdul Mustafa A’zami عَـلَيْهِ رَحْـمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ الۡـقَـوِی has mentioned that Ameer-ul-Mu`mineen Sayyiduna ‘Umar Farooq-e-A’zam رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ sent Sayyiduna Saariyah رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ towards the land of ‘Nahawand’ for Jihad (holy war), designating him as the commander-in-chief.

When Sayyiduna Saariyah رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ was at war against the disbelievers, Sayyiduna ‘Umar رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ suddenly ordered whilst delivering the sermon standing at the blessed pulpit of Masjid-un-Nabawi, ‘﴿يَا سَارِيَةُ الۡجَبَلَ﴾ i.e. O Saariyah! Turn your back towards the mountain. The people present in the Masjid were amazed, for Sayyiduna Saariyah رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ was sent in Jihad hundreds of miles away at the land of Nahawand; then what made Ameer-ul-Mu`mineen call him out today?

The confusion dispelled when a war-participant envoy of Sayyiduna Saariyah رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ came and reported that while confronting the disbelievers on the battlefield, when the signs of defeat were obvious to us, we heard a voice, ‘O Saariyah! Turn your back towards the mountain.’ Sayyiduna Saariyah   رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ said, ‘Oh! This is the voice of Ameer-ul-Mu`mineen, Sayyiduna ‘Umar Farooq-e-A’zam رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ.’ Then he (Sayyiduna Saariyah رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ) immediately ordered the army to be rearranged by turning their back towards the mountain. Thereafter, we the Muslims attacked the disbelievers fiercely; as a result, it turned the tide of battle at once and after a while the Islamic army defeated the army of wicked disbeliever so badly that the disbelievers, in the face of dominating strikes of Islamic army, had no option but to flee the battlefield in. The Islamic army hoisted the victory flag[1].

صَلُّوۡا عَلَى الۡحَبِيۡب           صَلَّى اللّٰهُ تَعَالٰى عَلٰى مُحَمَّد

Dear Islamic brothers! By virtue of this miraculous wonder of Sayyiduna ‘Umar Farooq-e-A’zam رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ, we privilege to derive several Madani pearls of knowledge and wisdom:

Ameer-ul-Mu`mineen Sayyiduna ‘Umar Farooq-e-A’zam    رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ تَـعَـالٰی عَـنْـهُ observed the battlefield of Nahawand and watched its situation though he رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ was hundreds miles away in Madinah Munawwarah and then advised the strategic solution of the difficulties to the commander-in-chief of Islamic force. By this we come to know that one should never consider the power of hearing and seeing of Allah’s beloveds similar to that of ordinary people, rather it should be believed that Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ has bestowed tremendous power of seeing and listening to His beloved bondmen. And the power of their eyes, ears and other organs is so much matchless and incomparable and they performed such miraculous wonders that are called nothing but Karamat.

Sayyiduna Farooq-e-A’zam’s voice reached hundreds miles away at the place of Nahawand and everyone in the army heard it.

By virtue of Sayyiduna ‘Umar Bin Khattab رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ, a memorable victory was bestowed upon the Muslims by Allahعَزَّوَجَلَّ in that battle. (Karamat Sahabah, pp. 74-76; Mirqat-ul-Mafatih, vol. 10, pp. 296, Taht-al-Hadees 5954)

May Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ have mercy on him and forgive us without any accountability for his sake!

اٰمِيۡن بِجَاهِ النَّبِيِّ الۡاَمِيۡن صَلَّى اللّٰهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيۡهِ وَاٰلِه وَسَلَّم

صَلُّوۡا عَلَى الۡحَبِيۡب           صَلَّى اللّٰهُ تَعَالٰى عَلٰى مُحَمَّد

Introduction of Sayyiduna ‘Umar Farooq-e-A’zam

The second caliph, Sayyiduna ‘Umar’s patronymic name is ‘Abu Hafs’ and his title is ‘Farooq-e-A’zam’. According to anarration, in the sixth year of the proclamation of Prophethood, he رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ was the 40th person to embrace Islam. In fact, he رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ embraced Islam by virtue of the supplication made by the Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم. By his accepting Islam the Muslims became very pleased and they got such a great support that the Noblest Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم offered Salah publicly in congregation with the Muslims inside the sacred Haram. He رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ remained engaged in Islamic expeditions against wicked disbelievers being a majestic warrior.

He رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ contributed in all Islamic campaigns and in all strategic decisions of war and peace headed by the Noblest Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم as a faithful minister and comrade. The first caliph, Ameer-ul-Mu`mineen, Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddeeq رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ تَـعَـالٰی عَـنْـهُ nominated Sayyiduna Farooq-e-A’zam     رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ as the caliph after him. He رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ executed all the responsibilities of caliphate marvellously and proved to be the worthy successor of the Beloved Prophetصَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم.

One of the wicked disbelievers named Abu Lulu Feeroz (a fire worshipper) attacked Sayyiduna Farooq-e-A’zam رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ with a dagger during Salat-ul-Fajr. He رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ succumbed to the fatal injury and embraced martyrdom on the third day of the attack. At the time of martyrdom his blessed age was 63.

Sayyiduna Suhayb رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ led his funeral Salah. On Sunday, the 1st of Muharram-ul-Haraam, 24 Hijri, this great companion of the Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم was buried beside Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddeeq رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ who had been resting beside the Greatest Prophet صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ تَـعَـالٰى عَـلَيْهِ وَاٰلـِهٖ وَسَـلَّم. (Ar-Riyad-un-Nadarah fi Manaqib Al-Asharah, vol. 1, pp. 285, 408, 418; Tareekh-ul-Khulafa, pp. 108, etc.)

May Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ have mercy on them and forgive us without any accountability for their sake!

اٰمِيۡن بِجَاهِ النَّبِيِّ الۡاَمِيۡن صَلَّى اللّٰهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيۡهِ وَاٰلِه وَسَلَّم

Distinctive nearness

Sayyiduna Siddeeq-e-Akbar and Sayyiduna Farooq-e-A’zam     رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُمَا both were bestowed with especial and distinctive nearness to the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم in their worldly life as well as after the demise; therefore, Maulana Shah Imam Ahmad Raza Khan عَـلَيْهِ رَحْمَةُ الـرَّحْمٰن has stated:

Mahboob Rab-e-‘Arsh hay is sabz qubbay mayn

Sa’dayn ka qiran hay pehlu-ay mah mayn

Jhurmat kiye hayn taaray tajalli qamar ki hay

Some devotee has said:

Hayati mayn to thay hi khidmat-e-Mahboob-e-Khaliq mayn

Mazaar ab hay qareeb-e-Mustafa Farooq-e-A’zam ka

صَلُّوۡا عَلَى الۡحَبِيۡب           صَلَّى اللّٰهُ تَعَالٰى عَلٰى مُحَمَّد

Pehlu mayn jalwah-gah ‘Ateeq-o-‘Umar ki hay

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